Illawarra Environmental Education Centre

Telephone02 4237 6100

Leadership initiatives

Leadership Initiatives 

Stage 3 - 6 PDHPE



Killalea State Park

Program overview

This program aims to build interpersonal skills and resilience across personal and group situations, with a focus on empathy, inclusion and respect.

Key inquiry and focus questions

How do empathy, inclusion and respect have an impact on myself and others?

Learning experiences  

4 way tug-o-war

Teams select from one of four individual tug-o-war ropes in a game of elimination. With each initial round finishing in a stalemate, teams must realise that this challenge is more brains than brawn if they are to win.

Giant parachute

The entire group must work as one to allow the giant parachute to beat like a heart. Once synchronized, students will be led in a variety of games which require complete coordination from every team member to realise their full potential.

Initiative activities

Working in groups of approximately eight, small teams must combine their strength, balance, intellect and most importantly teamwork to complete a wide variety of challenges, ranging from the easy to the downright frustrating. In order to succeed, groups must carefully consider and utilize each person’s unique skills to overcome the problem at hand.

Survival challenges

Utilizing basic equipment, students must work as a team to construct a shelter to protect them from the elements. Their shelters must survive the incoming ‘rain’, before the second component can begin. Taking the lead from Bear Grylls, students are set the challenge of cooking marshmallows over a fire. However, to create the fire, no matches will be supplied. Instead students must use a flint and steel to light the tinder, which must then be used carefully to light a larger fire to cook their marshmallows.

Circus skills

Students hone their balance and coordination with a variety of circus tricks. Plate spinning, flower sticks, hoola hoops, yoho diablos and slack lines will test student’s abilities to learn and perfect a new skill.

Beach relay

Students must move quickly to win this race with a twist. Groups are supplied with a range of containers of various sizes. Starting with the smallest, participants must race to the water's edge to fill the first container. This can then be used to fill the next largest, and so-on until the largest tub is overflowing. A test of speed stamina and strategy.



  • PD3-3 evaluates the impact of empathy, inclusion and respect on themselves and others

  • PD3- 9 applies and adapts self-management skills to respond to personal and group situations

  • PD3-10 selects and uses interpersonal skills to interact respectfully with others to promote inclusion and build connections